孙承君, 丁金凤, 李景喜, xxxx. 海洋微塑料污染监测生物指示种的筛选[J]. 海洋科学进展, x(x): xx-xx. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20240409001.
引用本文: 孙承君, 丁金凤, 李景喜, xxxx. 海洋微塑料污染监测生物指示种的筛选[J]. 海洋科学进展, x(x): xx-xx. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20240409001.
SUN C J, DING J F, LI J X, xxxx. Screening of bioindicators for monitoring marine microplastic pollution[J]. Advances in Marine Science, x(x): xx-xx. DOI: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20240409001
Citation: SUN C J, DING J F, LI J X, xxxx. Screening of bioindicators for monitoring marine microplastic pollution[J]. Advances in Marine Science, x(x): xx-xx. DOI: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20240409001

海洋微塑料污染监测生物指示种的筛选

Screening of Bioindicators for Monitoring Marine Microplastic Pollution

  • 摘要: 微塑料在海洋环境中广泛存在,其引起的生物和生态环境问题也备受关注。选择合适的物种监测海洋微塑料污染对准确评估微塑料的生态影响至关重要。以往研究根据不同的标准选择不同的候选物种作为微塑料污染指示生物,尚缺乏深入的筛选和评估,导致目前仍缺少长期、连续的海洋微塑料污染监测数据。本文通过分析实验室数据和文献数据,系统地概述了双壳贝类作为海洋微塑料污染监测生物指示种的可行依据,建议使用贻贝和蛤蜊分别作为海水和沉积物中微塑料污染监测的生物指示种。由于目前以双壳贝类为指示的海洋微塑料污染监测受到研究方法不统一等因素的影响,本文进一步讨论了影响双壳贝类中微塑料检出的方法学因素,为建立双壳贝类作为微塑料污染监测指示生物的标准方法提供方法学指导。未来的研究仍需深入评估双壳贝类作为微塑料污染生物指示种的适用性,同时进一步筛选其他合适的生物指示种,以制定合理的海洋微塑料污染生物监测计划。

     

    Abstract: Microplastics are widely present in the marine environment, and the biological and ecological environmental issues they caused have also attracted a lot of attention. Selecting appropriate species to monitor marine microplastic pollution is critical to correctly evaluate the ecological impact of microplastics. Though previous studies have selected different candidate species as bioindicators for microplastic pollution based on different criteria, there is still a lack of in-depth screening and long-term, continuous monitoring data on marine microplastic pollution. Based on comprehensive analysis of laboratory and literature data, this article systematically assesses the feasibility of using bivalves as bioindicators for monitoring marine microplastic pollution. It is recommended to use mussels and clams as bioindicators for monitoring microplastic pollution in seawater and sediments, respectively. The current monitoring of marine microplastic pollution using bivalves as bioindicators is often affected by inconsistency in research methods. Therefore, we further discuss the methodological factors affecting microplastic detection in bivalves and provide methodological guidance for establishing standard methods for microplastic pollution monitoring using bivalves as bioindicators. Future research still needs to further evaluate the suitability of bivalves as bioindicators, and screen other suitable bioindicators to formulate a reasonable biological monitoring plan for marine microplastic pollution.

     

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