张新文, 刘同木, 周保成, 等, 2024. 基于物联网的浮标数据采集与控制系统设计[J]. 海洋科学进展, 42(1): 196-206. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20220822001.
引用本文: 张新文, 刘同木, 周保成, 等, 2024. 基于物联网的浮标数据采集与控制系统设计[J]. 海洋科学进展, 42(1): 196-206. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20220822001.
ZHANG X W, LIU T M, ZHOU B C, et al, 2024. Design of buoy data acquisition and control system based on Internet of Things[J]. Advances in Marine Science, 42(1): 196-206. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20220822001
Citation: ZHANG X W, LIU T M, ZHOU B C, et al, 2024. Design of buoy data acquisition and control system based on Internet of Things[J]. Advances in Marine Science, 42(1): 196-206. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1671-6647.20220822001

基于物联网的浮标数据采集与控制系统设计

Design of Buoy Data Acquisition and Control System Based on Internet of Things

  • 摘要: 数据采集与控制技术是浮标观测系统的核心。结合无线通信技术提出了基于物联网的浮标数据采集与控制系统方法,并研制了基于Socket协议的通信控制器和数据融合采集系统,实现了浮标观测系统通过软件配置的方式进行传感器的接入与管理,解决了总线式数据采集与控制技术在传感器可扩展性、即插即用性方面的不足。组网测试结果表明,该系统网络内部数据发送与接收准确率达100%,远程数据中心数据平均接收率大于等于98.3%,且系统接入传感器无须软硬件设计编码,具有数据接收稳定、观测系统扩展复杂度低和新增硬件功耗低等优点,在海洋浮标观测系统应用方面具有良好前景。

     

    Abstract: Data acquisition and control technology is the core of buoy observation systems. Combined with wireless communication technology, a buoy data acquisition and control system based on the Internet of Things is proposed, and a communication controller and data fusion acquisition system based on socket protocol is developed. This system can implement the registration and management of sensors through software configuration, solving the shortcomings of bus based data acquisition and control technology in terms of sensor scalability and plug-and-play. The networking test results show that the accuracy rate of data transmission and reception in the system network reaches 100%, and the average data reception rate in the remote data center is greater than 98.3%, suggesting the system has advantages such as stable data reception, low complexity of observation system expansion, and low power consumption of newly added hardware, and thus has good prospect in the application of marine buoy observation system.

     

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